TRỌN BỘ CẤU TRÚC VIẾT LẠI CÂU TIẾNG ANH THÔNG DỤNG

Các Trường Hợp Viết Lại Câu

  • Dùng 1 cấu trúc nào đó trong Tiếng Anh
  • Dùng dạng khác của từ
  • Chuyển từ chủ động sang bị động
  • Chuyển từ câu trực tiếp sang gián tiếp
  • Các trường hợp về đảo ngữ…
  • Chú ý về thì: câu được viết lại phải cùng thì với câu đã cho.
  • Chú ý về ngữ pháp: câu được viết lại phải đúng về ngữpháp.
  • Chú ý về nghĩa của câu sau khi viết phải không đổi so với câu ban đầu. Phương pháp học dạng bài này

Phương pháp: sưu tập và làm càng nhiều mẫu câu càng tốt, sau đó đọc đi đọc lại nhiều lần cho thuộc lòng.

Một số dạng bài cơ bản

  1. It takes sb khoảng thời gian to do sth = sb spend khoảng thời gian doingsth VD: It took her 3 hours to get to the city centre.

= She spent 3 hours getting to the city centre.

  1. Understand = tobe aware of

VD: Do you understand the grammar structure? = Are you aware ofthe grammar structure?

  1. Like = tobe interested in = enjoy = keen on VD: She likes politics

= She is interested in politics

  1. Because + clause = because of + N

VD: He can’t move because his leg was broken. = He can’t move because ofhis broken leg.

  1. Although + clause = despite + N = in spite of + N VD: Although she is old, she can compute very fast

= Despite / In spite ofher old age, she can compute very fast 6. Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth

VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel = We managed to dig the Panama cannel

  1. Cấu trúc: …. too + adj (for sb) to do sth: quá để làm gì

VD: She is so beautiful that everybody loves her.

= It is such a beautiful girl that everybody loves her. Adj/ Adv + enough (for sb) to do sth: ​đủ để làm gì VD: This car is safe enough for him to drive.

The policeman ran quickly enough to catch the robber.

  1. Cấu trúc: prefer sb to do sth = would rather sb Vpast sth: thích, muốn ai làm gì

VD: I’prefer you (not) to smoke here

= I’d rather you (not) smoked here

  1. Prefer doing sth to doing sth: thích làm gì h​ơn làmgì Would rather do sth than do sth

VD: She prefers staying at home to going out = She’d rather stay at home than go out

  1. Can = tobe able to = tobe possible
  2. Harly + had +S + Vpp when S + Vpast: ngay sau khi... thì… No sooner + had +S + Vpp than S + Vpast

VD: As soon as I left the house, he appeared = Harly had I left the house when he appeared

= No sooner had I left the house than he appeared

  1. Not………..any more : không còn nữa No longer + dạng đảo ngữ S no more V

VD: I don’t live in the courtryside anymore = No longer do I live in the coutryside

= I no more live in the coutryside

  1. At no time + dạng đảo ngữ: không khi nào, chẳng khi nào VD: I don’t think she loves me

= At no time do I think she loves me

  1. Tobe not worth = there is no point in doing sth: không ​đáng làmgì
  2. Tobe not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth: không ​đáng, vô ích làm gì VD:

It’s not worth making him get up early There is no point in making him getting early

  1. It seems that = it appears that = it is likely that =it look as if/ as though:

VD: It seems that he will come late

= It appears that / it is likely he will come late = He is likely to come late.

= It look as ifhe will come late

  1. Although + clause = Despite + Nound/gerund
  2. S + V + N = S + be + adj
  3. S + be + adj = S + V + O
  4. S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving /N
  5. S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving /N

VD: Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties.

= Nana is used to crying when she meets with difficulties

  1. This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/N

VD: This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end ofthe movie.

  • I was not used to seeing so many people crying at the end ofthe movie. 23. S + would prefer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)
  1. S + like sth/doing sth better than sth/doing sth = S + would rather + V + than + V

= S +prefer sth/doing sth to sth/doingsth...

VD: I prefer going shoping to playing volleyball.

= I would rather go shoping than play volleyball.

  1. S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to +V
  2. It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth
  3. S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth
  4. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + be + PII
  5. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + do sth
  6. S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth

VD: I like do collecting stamps.

= I'm fond ofcollecting stamps.

  1. I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S.O + to do Sth VD: My boss let him be on leave for wedding.

= My boss allow him to be on leave for wedding.

  1. S + once + past verb = S + would to + do sth.
  2. S + present verb (negative) any more = S + would to + dosth.
  3. S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

VD: She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination.

= She studies hard to pass the final examination.

  1. S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive
  2. To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V
  3. S + V + and + S + V = S + V+ both ... and
  4. S + V + not only ... + but also = S + V + both ...and
  5. S + V + both ... and ... = S + V + not only ... butalso...

VD: He translated fast and correctly.

= He translated not only fast but also correctly.

  1. S1+simple present+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple present + S2 + simple futher.
  2. S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = IfClause
  3. Various facts given = Mệnh đề if thể hiện điều trái ngược thực tế.
  4. S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 +V2 (khẳng định)
  5. S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj clause.
  6. S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj clause.
  7. S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj clause.
  8. S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj clause.
  9. S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj clause.
  10. S + V + if+ S + V (phu dinh) = S + V + unless + S + V (khẳng dinh)
  11. S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth
  12. Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + presentsubjunctive
  13. In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive (quan ​Điểm của tôi)
  14. S + advise = S + suggest + that + S + presentsubjunctive
  15. Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + presentsubjunctive
  16. S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: She gets him to spend more time with her.

= She have him spend more time with her.

  1. S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: Police asked him to identify the other man in the next room.

  • Police have him identify the other man in the next room. 64. S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth VD: The teacher request students to learn by heart this poem.
  • The teacher have students learn by heart this poem.
  1. S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth VD: I want her to lend me

= I have her lend me.

  1. S + V + no + N = S + be + N-less

VD: She always speaks no care.

= She is always careless about her words.

  1. S + be + adj + that + S + V = S + be + adj + to +V

VD: Study is necessary that you will get a good life in the future.

  • Study is necessary to get a good life in the future. 68. S + be + adj + prep = S + V +adv

VD: My students are very good at Mathematics.

  • My students study Mathematics well.
  1. S + remember + to do Sth = S + don’t forget + to do Sth

VD: I remember to have a Maths test tomorrow = I don't forget to have a Maths test tomorrow.

  1. It + be + adj = What + a + adj + N! VD: It was an interesting film.

= What an interesting film!

  1. S + V + adv = How + adj + S + be ...

VD: She washes clothes quickly.

= How quick she is to wash clothes.

  1. S + be + ing-adj = S + be +ed-adj
  2. S + V = S + be + ed-adj
  3. S + V + Khoảng thời gian = It + take + (sb) + Khoảng thời gian + to + V

VD: She have learned English for 5 years. = It takes her 5 year to learn English.

  1. S + be + too + adj + (for s.o) + to + V = S + be + so + adj + that + S + can’t +V

VD: The water is too hot for Peter to drink. = The water is so hot that Peter can't drink

  1. S + V + too + adv + to + V = S + V + so + adv + that + S + can’t + V
  2. S + be + so + adj + that + S + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to +V
  3. S + be + too + adj + to + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to +V
  4. S + V + so + adv + that + S + V = It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V

VD: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything. = He does not speak softly.

  1. Because + clause = Because of + noun/gerund

VD: Because she is absent from school.

= Because ofher absence from school.


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