Describe a tourist attraction/destination in Viet Nam...
Giới thiệu Địa điểm Du Lịch Việt Nam bằng TIẾNG ANH cực hay, tư liệu dành cho hướng dẫn viên tiếng anh chuẩn nhất.
Nội dung Tài Liệu
- Describe a tourist attraction/destination in Viet Nam
- 1. HA NOI
- 2. HOI AN
- 3. CAN THO
- 4. ĐÀ LẠT
- 5. SAPA
- Answer questions
- 1. Think of a tourist attraction you know well and decide what you think its strengths, weaknesses, oppoturnities and threats are.
- 2. How can you help tourists to understand local traditions and cultures when they visit your country?
- 3. What are some of the negative effects of a dramatic increase in tourism?
- 4. Do you always like to go to the same place for your holiday?
- 5. Have there been any recent changes in the types of holiday that are popular in your country?
Describe a tourist attraction/destination in Viet Nam
1. HA NOI
Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is located on the bank of the Red River in the northern section of the country. While not the largest city in the country, Hanoi has had a rich history. It has been inhabited since 3000 B.C.
Hanoi’s climate is hot in the summer, rainy and cold in the winter.
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The city is nicknamed the "city of lakes," and the lakes are one of the attractions that many tourists visit. Hanoi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
History buffs love visiting Hanoi as the city has more cultural and historic sites than any other in the country. Temples and pagodas are found on nearly every street within the city. The Temple of Literature is another popular destination. This is the oldest Vietnamese university. The Vietnamese National History Museum and the National Museum of Ethnology are both popular attractions in the capital city.
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Hanoi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
Hanoi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk...
Whilst here take the opportunity to enjoy a bowl of pho by Hoan Kiem Lake, discover the grisly Hanoi Prison, also known as the Hanoi Hilton, or visit Ho Chi Minh, embalmed in his very own Soviet style monolith mausoleum.
Modern skyscrapers are arising aside its 36 ancient streets, yet the peaceful lifestyle seems resting undisturbed from invasion of western culture and modernization: broad, tree-lined sidewalks hold in their laps-cafés where, in the early hours of evening, children play while their parents linger over cups of Vietnamese esbeetso. Curbside, people sit and read books. On grassy lake shores at dawn, the elderly exercise and the young jog. On evening’s approach, families sit watching pedal boats splash on water made pink by the sunset. Lakes, with no doubt, have made up an inevitable part of Hanoi’s soul. The elegant red The Huc Bridge connecting the two banks of Sword Lake and Tortoise Tower watching its own image reflected in emerald water for almost a thousand years have penetrated into the nostalgia of each Hanoian. Hanoi is fit for strolling and sitting, for reverence and reflection, for visiting and conversing.
2. HOI AN
Hoian district and town is on the lower section of the Thu Bon River system. It is in the coastal plain of Quang Nam province, just 28 km to the Southeast of Danang City.
Mỗi năm có 2 mùa rõ rệt: mùa mưa kéo dài từ tháng 8 đến tháng 12 và mùa khô từ tháng 1 đến tháng 7, thỉnh thoảng có những đợt rét mùa đông nhưng không đậm và không kéo dài
Hoian has a coast of 7 km with many nice beaches that are favourable for tourism development. Hoian also has a large fishery plentiful with sea products. About 15km from the Cua Dai beach lies the Cham archipelago (of 1,591 ha) where there are many famous sea swallow nests (bird nests) and good conditions to promote ecological tourism.
Thanks to fortunate opportunities, the old town of Hoi An, a unique concentration of architectural monuments of various forms: living house, assembly hall, communal house, pagoda, shrine, temple, water well, bridge, wharf, market...has been preserved rather intact. They are along the streets that cut one another, forming palaces and giving a good example of symbolic oriental cities in the Middle Age. So wonderful with its old aged and traditionally well kept habits and customs, the town is now an excellent model of a living museum of architecture and urban lifestyle. It is an outstanding material manifestation of the fusion of cultures over time in an international commercial port.
On the 4th, December 1999 the Old Town of Hoi An was inscribed on the World Heritage list
3. CAN THO
About 200km southern of Saigon, Can Tho is considered as the capital of Mekong Delta area.
From Can Tho you can star the trip to visit Mekong Delta where extensive rice paddy fields spread as far as the eyes can see. Peaceful villages are scattered along the banks of rivers and canals, lined with rows of lush coconut palm trees. Everywhere you go, you will see coconut palms. The Coconut milk is sure to be one of the most refreshing drinks on your trip. You can take a boat cruise along the numerous rivers or travel from village to village in the Mekong River Delta. During your trip, you can see for yourself the countryside of the South, which is very prosperous.
Khí hậu ở Cần Thơ là khí hậu ôn hòa, thời tiết dễ chịu và nhiệt độ không vượt quá 30 độ C ngay cả khi tiết trời nóng nhất.
Thời gian tuyệt vời nhất mà Cần Thơ để lại trong lòng du khách có lẽ là vào tháng 12 đến cận tết nguyên đán Vào thời gian này nếu ghé thăm trung tâm Cần Thơ, Bến Ninh Kiều và chợ nổi Cái Răng, du khách sẽ được trải nghiệm một Cần Thơ rất sôi động, tấp nập và hân hoan trong bầu khí tươi vui, cùng cảnh quan rực rỡ. Không ké thời điểm cận tết nguyên đán, mùa hè đến Cần Thơ cũng là một lựa chọn khá tuyệt vời khi Cần Thơ vào mùa trái cây.
- Chợ cổ Cần Thơ
– Long Quang cổ tự
– Bảo tàng Quân khu IX
– Bến Ninh Kiều:
– Khu du lịch Phù Sa Cần Thơ
– Khu du lịch Hoa Sứ: trung tâm thành phố Cần Thơ.
– Làng hoa Thới Nhựt Cần Thơ
– Làng nghề bánh tráng Thuận Hưng
– Vườn lan Bình Thủy ( Nhà cổ Bình Thủy)
– Chùa Nam Nhã
– Hội Linh Cổ Tự
– Đình Bình Thủy
– Chùa Munir Ansây
– Làng cổ Long Tuyền
– Chợ nổi Cái Răng
– Nhà cổ Nam Bội ở Mỹ Khánh
– Cầu Cần Thơ
– Làng du lịch Mỹ Khánh
4. ĐÀ LẠT
Da Lat city is the centre of Lam Dong Province, located on the highest part of the West Highlands of central Vietnam (1500 m altitude). 70% of its area is covered by mountains and forests.
Climatologists call Da Lat "the city of eternal spring" thanks to its average temperature that never falls under 100 C in winter and never exceeds 200 C in summer. Because of this favorable climate, Da Lat is like a flower garden all year round.
Main attractions: Summer Palace of King Bao Dai, Lakes of Xuan Huong, Tuyen Lam, waterfalls, night market, Lang Biang Mountains, Da Lat Flower Garden
"Little Paris” is what this land of beautiful mountain scenery and delightfully cool mountain weather was called by the French colonists who founded it.
Experiencing the uniqueness of Dalat means enjoying the blend of original, diverse, western-style architecture with tropical highland panorama. Indeed, the close interaction between French colonizers and Vietnamese feudal dynasty resulted in invaluable palaces and cultural monuments, on all of which left a strong imprint of French structure, such as the palaces of the very last Vietnamese King – Bao Dai, the Dalat Teacher’s Training College, the Railway Station and the city’s flower market…
Dalat has long been Vietnam’s honeymoon capital, flush with romantic hideaways like the Valley of Love, where newly-weds fresh from church pose from moored sailboats. Xuan Huong Lake is the most beautiful lake in Da Lat. Shaped like a crescent moon; it is where many honeymooners spend their romantic times together when visiting Da Lat. Valley of Love is also famous to lovers with the meaningful love legend it bears and beautiful scenery it provides.
One of the most typical features of Da Lat is waterfall. The famous ones are Prenn Fall, Gougah Fall, Bongou Fall, and so on. All are picturesque with a sheet of silver pouring into a pool of water at the bottom. Behind is a wooden and bamboo bridge hidden in the turbulence and mist created as the water strikes the rocks below. Around the fall area was once a thriving wild life refuge. Visitors to the fall can visit the various habitats of the animals in this region.
For non-honeymooning foreign tourists, Dalat offers some of the best mountain biking, trekking, hiking and canyoning opportunities in Vietnam. Langbian Mountain’s highest peak at 2,165m is very tempting for climbers. From Lom Bieng Klo peak, one can see endless green mountains reflecting the silver rays of the sun. Many tours are organized in the area, including parachuting and climbing. Explorers will also have an opportunity to interact with the Lac ethnic minority while sitting around the fire and tasting the typical alcoholic beverage of Lac people.
Aside from sport activities, tourists are given an excellent chance to explore some of Vietnam's hinterland, sample its outstanding products and vacation alongside Vietnamese holidaymakers. Come early in the evening and join the rest of the city in the broad central market area. Here, everyone seems to wade eagerly into the festive atmosphere. At the food stalls scattered throughout the area, old women in buttoned, oversized sweaters and wool hats fan wood-chip fires. Others sell puffed corn scooped from large plastic bags, or French-style baguettes from blue-painted, wheeled carts, or cigarettes from flimsy folding tables lit by candles.
Dalat, from every corner of view, is still really “something of a magical mystery land” – as admired by the Discovery Magazine in 1991.
Located 38km from Lao Cai City, Sapa is a mountainous district of Lao Cai Province. Sapa District is very well-known with Sapa Townlet, a beautiful and romantic resort.
At the height of 1,600m above sea level, the average temperature of the area is 15-18°C. It is cool in summer and cold in winter.
Visitor to Sapa in summer can feel the climate of four seasons in one day. In the morning and afternoon, it is cool like the weather of spring and autumn. At noon, it is as sunny and cloudless as the weather of summer. And it is cold in the evening. With no advance warning of a thunderstorm short and heavy rains may come at noon on any summer day. Subsequently, a rainbow appears, transforming Sapa into a magic land, which for years has been a constant source of poetic inspiration, lights up the whole region.
The best time to witness the scenic beauty of Sapa travel is in April and May. Before that period, the weather might be cold and foggy; after that period is the rainy season. In April and May, Sapa is blooming with flowers and green pastures. The clouds that settle in the valley in early morning quickly disappear into thin air.
Sapa has many natural sites such as Ham Rong Mountain, Silver Waterfall, Rattan Bridge, Bamboo Forest and Ta Phin Cave.Sapa is also the starting point for many climbers and scientists who want to reach the top of Fansipan Mountain, the highest mountain in Vietnam at 3,143m. Hoang Lien Mountain Range is also called the Alps of the North Sea area since Fansipan Mountain is not only the highest peak in Vietnam, but also in the Indochina Peninsula. The pyramid-shaped mountain is covered with clouds all year round and temperatures often drop below zero, especially at high elevations.
Sapa is home to various families of flowers of captivating colours, which can be found nowhere else in the country. When Tet, the Lunar New Year Festival, comes, the whole township of Sapa is filled with the pink colour of peach blossom brought from the vast forests of peach just outside the town. Sapa is regarded as the kingdom of orchids. Here, orchid lovers are even amazed by the choice, when trekking in the forest filled with several hundred kinds of orchids of brilliant colours and fantastic shapes, such as Orchid Princess, Orchid of My Fair Lady's Shoe. Some orchids are named after lovely singing birds such as the canary and more.
Sapa is most beautiful in spring. Apricot, plum and cherry flowers are splendidly beautiful. Markets are crowded and merry, and are especially attractive to visitors. Minority groups come here to exchange and trade goods and products. Market sessions are also a chance for locals to promenade and young men and women in colorful costumes to meet, date or seek sweethearts.
1. Think of a tourist attraction you know well and decide what you think its strengths, weaknesses, oppoturnities and threats are.
+ Hue Citadel is one amongst the relics of the Hue ancient Capital, which has been officially recognized by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
+ It was built over 400 years ago with the unique royal architecture at the top of our country, and also has high historical value.
+ It’s very hard to combine this relic with other type of tourism ‘s entertainment inside The Citadel to meet the high demand of tourist nowadays.
+ The combination between historical monuments and festival are working effectively. Especially in the last Hue Festival 2016, there were many kinds of unique programmes organized inside The Citadel like Imperial Night... It’s not only attracted the amount of tourist visited The Citadel at that time but also promoted the beauty of Hue Citadel to the people over the world.
+ The opening of the flight route between Hue and Nha Trang in the last April was given opportunities to tourists who want to visit Hue and Nha Trang at the same time. And that also attracted a large of tourists visited Hue, and of course, the attraction – Hue Citadel also.
+ The huge amount of tourists who always want to touch all the relics they have been seen, make the paint’s color is fading out day after day. And of course, the relics will not be like its original state.
+ Polluted environment inside The Citadel because of littering and stepping on the grass.
But all in all, Hue Citadel are still attracting the huge amount of tourists, so the important things we have to do is take advantage of its strengths, opportunities and try to minimize its threats. And don’t forget to protect it.
2. How can you help tourists to understand local traditions and cultures when they visit your country?
The cultures are represented through clothes, foods, manners,...
- Firstly, i will take them to the places where they can see and feel all that things like: take them to the market to see our traditional clothes “ao dai”, take them to some of restaurants for them to try our traditional food and teach them how to use chopstick instead knife and fork, warning them what they can do and what they shouldnt do in our country.
- Secondly, during the time introducing them about our cultures, our local traditions, we will talk about the different of 2 countries’s cultures, compare both of them. I think it’s the easiest way for them to imagine clearly and keep remembering for a long time about our cultures.
- Finally, after all of that activities, when they had basic knowledge about our local tradition and cultures, i will take them to my home. Maybe for 1 or 2 days, and it’s time for them to live as Vietnameses in the way of act, eat, talk... And when they can keep pace with my family like a member, i think it will be an interested experiences for them.
That’s all about the way i think i’m going to do if there some tourists visit our country who want to know about our local tradition and cultures.
Why do i choose that way? Because i think that whatever you said, the word is just a word. But whatever you do, you experience, you will know exactly how it really is, and you will always keep it in your mind and it’s hard to forget.
3. What are some of the negative effects of a dramatic increase in tourism?
Economic Effects -- Negative
Successful tourism relies on establishing a basic infrastructure, such as roads, visitor centers and hotels. The cost of this usually falls on the government, so it has to come out of tax revenues. Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid, yet tourism can push up local property prices and the cost of goods and services. Money generated by tourism does not always benefit the local community, as some of it leaks out to huge international companies, such as hotel chains. Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.
Social Effects -- Negative
Visitor behavior can have a detrimental effect on the quality of life of the host community. For example, crowding and congestion, drugs and alcohol problems, prostitution and increased crime levels can occur. Tourism can even infringe on human rights, with locals being displaced from their land to make way for new hotels or barred from beaches. Interaction with tourists can also lead to an erosion of traditional cultures and values.
Environmental Effects -- Negative
Tourism poses a threat to a region's natural and cultural resources, such as water supply, beaches, coral reefs and heritage sites, through overuse. It also causes increased pollution through traffic emissions, littering, increased sewage production and noise
Many of the negative impacts from tourism occur when the amount of visitors is greater than the environment's ability to cope with the visitor volume.
Some of the consequences of exceeding the environmental capacity include strain on already scarce resources such as water, energy, food and natural habitat areas. In addition, unchecked tourism development may lead to soil erosion, increased pollution and waste, discharges into the sea and waterways, increased pressure on endangered species of animals and plants, and heightened vulnerability to deforestation, as well as loss of biodiversity.
The same way that tourism can encourage the preservation of socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, mass tourism may also erode traditional values by introducing foreign elements which are in conflict with the cultural, historical, and religious heritage of the community.
The tourism paradox therefore, lies in the tension between our desire to travel the world, and the need to provide the most benefits with the least harm. Many well intentioned people in the public and private sector are hard at work looking for solutions that will provide viable, long-term socio-economic benefits for tourist areas.
Building a culture of sustainability will however, take time and you, the traveler, can become part of the solution.
Damage to the landscape: litter, erosion, fires, disturbance to livestock, vandalism
Traffic congestion and pollution
Local goods can become expensive because tourists will pay more
Shops stock products for tourists and not everyday goods needed by locals
Demand for holiday homes makes housing too expensive for local people
Demand for development of more shops and hotels
Jobs are mainly seasonal, low paid with long hours
4. Do you always like to go to the same place for your holiday?
If you just want to relax in your holiday, you can choose the new places or the same places like last year or the last two years, anywhere you feel the most comfortable.
But in my holiday, i want not only to relax, but also to get more knowledge, not only enjoy the natures, but also enjoy the cultures, to know all about the place where i spend my holiday on. That’s my purpose when i go somewhere.
So, to broaden my knowledge, to know more as i can, i don’t like to go the same place for my holiday. It’s maybe the place i feel the most comfortable, but if it cant give me the chance to get any new knowledge, i wont come back again.
So, what’s called “the same place”? According to me, “the same place” is the place that has no change time to time, the place that i cant find anything new to explore. What do i really want to talk about?
- Firstly, as you know, nowadays, to catch up with the development trends of the world, places where we’re living, it changes everyday. So, if you spent your last holiday in a place last year, maybe this year, it will not be “the same place”, there will more changes in a year, and maybe it will interested you, nobody knows.
- Secondly, i think it’s really hard for me to know all about a place just on a holiday. Of course i will always spend my time that i think it will be enough for me to get all necessary knowledge of that place. But time is limited, people are interesting and the nature is always a mistery, there always have something that you cant realize in the first time, the hidden cultures, the hidden beauties, the hidden stories that are waiting for me to explore.
In short, in my holiday, i just want to go to the place where i can relax, refresh my mind, especially broaden my knowledge and explore something new, it will not the real same place.
5. Have there been any recent changes in the types of holiday that are popular in your country?
Yes, it has been changed in the recent years.
Nowadays, with the high development of our society, the living standard is rising every day. So, travelling is not known in the simple way, I mean, the time people thought travelling is just going to somewhere new and relax is over. They change their demand every day. And of course, type of holidays is changing also, to meet the high demand of travellers. In our country, the old type of holiday such as cultural holidays, beach holidays, religious holidays... still attracts a large number of tourists. But beside, there also appear many new types of holidays.
When the new married couple wants to have a package holiday to make their relationship more passion, it leads to the appearance of honeymoon holidays.
When people want to experience the real feeling of interesting activities such as diving to see the coral under the sea or surfing, climbing to the top of mountains, it leads to the appearance of adventure holidays.
And when they want to escape from the office, find a bit of freedom, get some fresh air into your lungs, get fit, see a bit of the world, get close to nature, give yourself a personal challenge … it is the reason why walking or trekking holidays appear.
Yes, i just told you some new type of holidays in our country such as honeymoon, adventure and trekking holidays. Those are the evidences for my opinion. I think the type of holiday of our country do changes everyday, and it will be in the future because the people’s need is unlimited.